|Ford SHO V8|
|Also called:||Volvo V8|
|Manufacturer:||Ford Motor Company|
|Class:||DOHC 60° V8|
|Engine:||3.4 L (3408 cc/207 in³)
4.4 L (4414 cc/269 in³)
Ford Modular V8
GM Premium V
Ford Motor Company had worked with Yamaha Motor Corporation to develop the compact DOHC V6 Ford SHO V6 engine for the 1989 Ford Taurus SHO "Super High Output". When the time came to replace that engine, the company again worked with Yamaha to build a new V8 based on their successful Duratec V6. This partnership created the 3.4 L V8 for the 1996 Taurus SHO. That engine went out of production after 1999, but was resurrected and modified by Ford's Volvo Cars marque for use in the Volvo XC90 SUV in 2005.
Now at 4.4 L, the V8 engine is unique in Ford's wide range of V8 engines in that it is designed for transverse use and has a V6-like 60° bank angle.
The V8 SHO appeared in spring of 1996. It was at 3.4 L and continued many of the traits of the SHO V6, including the aluminum cylinder heads (the V6 SHO engine has an iron block), 4-valve per cylinder DOHC design, and a variable length intake manifold. Power was similar too, at 235 hp (175 kW) and 230 ft·lbf (312 N·m) of torque. This version was retired in 1999 because of the relative lack of interest in a heavier car that was slower than the V6 SHO it replaced.
Bore and stroke were identical to the Duratec 25 at 82.4 mm and 79.5 mm, respectively. The engines shared other traits as well, and insiders report that the designs are related, though not closely. One sign of such similarity is that the two engines share the same bellhousing pattern.
Manufacturing was also a shared process. Ford manufactured the aluminum engine blocks at their Windsor, Ontario plant, then shipped them to Japan for finishing by Yamaha. The finished engines were shipped back to the Taurus plant in Atlanta, Georgia for installation.
The SHO V8's valve train was an "interference" design, one that is shared by many engines built today, meaning that the piston will collide with the valves if the camshaft or fails. Due to some cam sprocket failures, the engine acquired a reputation for potentially catastrophic failure (see section below).
Soon after the introduction of the SHO V8, widespread problems with the cam sprockets began to surface. Ford had used a relatively unusual method, called "swedging", of affixing the cam sprockets to the camshafts. The cam sprockets were fastened to the hollow camshafts by forcing a metal ball which was slightly larger than the interior diameter of the camshaft through the center of the camshaft, thus expanding the metal slightly and creating a mechanical bond between the cam sprocket and the camshaft. This method proved to be inadequate, and thus on some engines, the cam sprocket could break loose from the camshaft and spin independently from the camshaft (or "walk"). This would result in the camshaft stopping and thus not activating the valves, allowing the pistons to hit the valves, ruining the engine (see above section). The preventive measure of welding the cam sprocket to the camshaft soon proved to be a fix for engines that had not suffered such a fate yet . Another such fix is "pinning" the cam sprocket, or inserting a pin in the sprocket to keep it aligned on the camshaft. There were calls for Ford to provide a recall, though none ever happened, potentially because it was a limited-production vehicle. Aside from this issue, the engine itself is considered to be fairly dependable and a good example of Yamaha engineering.
Volvo began offering the 4.4 L V8 version of this engine in its large P2 platform automobiles in 2005. The engine is made by Yamaha in Japan and was initially offered in the Volvo XC90 SUV. Other vehicles likely to get the V8 engine include the Volvo S80, Volvo XC70, and a future Lincoln all wheel drive luxury car.
The engine is a 4.4 L aluminum DOHC V8 which produces 311 hp (232 kW) and 325 ft·lbf (441 N·m). Officials of all three companies involved insist that the Volvo V8 is not related to the SHO engine, but insiders dispute this claim.
The 4.4 L engine will likely find its way to Lincoln's new D3-based models in 2008 and beyond. Since this platform is designed for transverse engines, none of Ford's other V8 engines would easily fit. The engine was used in the 2006 Lincoln MKS concept car.
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